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中国科技界“共和国勋章”获得者,人民的英雄,科学工作者的楷模

屠呦呦:60多年致力于中医药研究实践,带领团队攻坚克难,研究发现了青蒿素,解决了抗疟治疗失效难题,为中医药科技创新和人类健康事业作出重要贡献。

袁隆平一生致力于杂交水稻技术的研究、应用与推广,发明“三系法”籼型杂交水稻,成功研究出“两系法”杂交水稻,创建了超级杂交稻技术体系,为我国粮食安全、农业科学发展和世界粮食供给作出杰出贡献。

钟南山:长期致力于重大呼吸道传染病及慢性呼吸系统疾病的研究、预防与治疗,成果丰硕,实绩突出。新冠肺炎疫情发生后敢医敢言,提出存在“人传人”现象,强调严格防控,领导撰写新冠肺炎诊疗方案,在疫情防控、重症救治、科研攻关等方面作出杰出贡献

于敏:长期领导并参加核武器的理论研究和设计,填补了我国原子核理论的空白,为氢弹突破作出卓越贡献。

黄旭华:隐姓埋名几十年,为我国核潜艇事业奉献了毕生精力,为核潜艇研制和跨越式发展作出卓越贡献。在某次深潜试验中,他置个人安危于不顾,作为总设计师亲自随产品深潜到极限。

孙家栋:我国人造卫星技术和深空探测技术的开创者之一,担任月球探测一期工程总设计师,为我国突破卫星基本技术、卫星返回技术、地球静止轨道卫星发射和定点技术、导航卫星组网技术和深空探测基本技术作出卓越贡献。

Wolf Prize Highlights

Wolf Prize in Chemistry 2019, Stephen L. Buchwald and John F. Hartwig, Cross coupling for the making of carbon-heteroatom bonds

Wolf Prize in Chemistry 2018, Makoto Fujita and Omar Yaghi, Three-dimensional porous molecules and Reticular Chemistry

Wolf Prize in Chemistry 2017, Robert G. Bergman, Activation of C-H bonds of hydrocarbons by soluble transition metal complexes

Selected Recent Milestones in Biochemistry

Emmanuelle Charpentier  and Jennifer A. Doudna The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020

Frances H. Arnold (1/2), George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter (1/2) The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018

Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017

Tomas LindahlPaul Modrich and Aziz SancarThe Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015

Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014

Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2013

Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2012

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009

Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008

Roger D. Kornberg, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2006

(Images from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)

Selected Milestones in Organometallics

Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010

Robert H. Grubbs, Richard R. Schrock and Yves Chauvin The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005

Barry Sharpless (1/2) William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori (1/2) The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001

Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1973

Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1963

(Images from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)

Selected Milestones in Synthetic Chemistry

Elias James Corey, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1990

Robert Bruce Merrifield, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1984

Herbert C. Brown and Georg Wittig, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979

Luis F. Leloir, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1970

Robert Burns Woodward, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1965

Vincent du Vigneaud, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1955

Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1950

Hans Fischer, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1930

Fritz Haber, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1918

Hermann Emil Fischer, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1902

(Images from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)

Selected Milestones in Understanding Molecular Structures

Robert S. Mulliken, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1966

Concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital method.

Dorothy Hodgkin, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964

Determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances.

Max Ferdinand Perutz and John Cowdery Kendrew,

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1962 for their studies of the structures of globular proteins.

Frederick Sanger, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958

The structure of proteins, especially that of insulin.

Linus Pauling, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954

Study the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances

Peter Debye, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1936

Developed Debye-Scherrer method for studying the structure of finely crystalline substances using X-ray diffraction

(Images from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)